Due to technological advancement, there are also advancements in the cutting industry with better cutting systems. Nowadays, waterjet cutting is the latest technology that utilizes water stream at high pressure to cut a thin line on the material. In order to cut a wide variety of materials such as foam, steel, and titanium, an abrasive could be added.
The abrasive is usually added at the nozzle which makes it easier to switch between abrasive waterjet cutting and water only cutting. Due to such flexibility, there is so much versatility with waterjet machines. Again the technology utilized in these water jet cutting systems, different shapes can be cut faster and accurately. Also, inexperienced operators are also able to make cuts accurately without the need trial-and-error.
When using a water jet cutting equipment, a computer program is used to guide the cutting head. The thin water stream that travels at high speed cuts the material quickly. Since the stream of water is so small, only small material is wasted. As a result, the cost is considerably reduced for both the customer and the machine shop. The following are other benefits offered by waterjet cutting.
1. Cuts a variety of materials.
When water is combined with abrasives and high pressure, the waterjet can be used to cut any materials. Examples of materials that could be cut include tool steel, carbon steel, stainless steel, granite, titanium, copper, wood, and ceramics. Unlike traditional equipment that can only cut certain materials, waterjet offers a huge benefit.
2. Heat damage is reduced.
There are no heat zones in waterjet cutting unlike other cutting methods such as laser and plasma that can cause heat damage. Because of this, it is possible to cut different materials like metals and plastics without distorting, melting or warping them. This is possible because any heat is usually absorbed by water that returns to the tank. The only point where temperatures go high is when a thick metal part is pierced. Everything else will remain at room temperature.
3. Complex shapes can be cut.
It is one of the big advantage provided by waterjet cutting. It is possible to cut almost any desired shape. It is now possible to have minimal inner radii, cut sharp corners, and pierce holes. At the same time, cutting time is significantly reduced because stacking, tabbing, and nesting help to optimize the material.
During waterjet cutting, there is no grindings, chips, and hazardous gases produced, making it a clean cutting method. At the same time, cutting emulsions and oils will also not be required. If pure water is being used, this cutting method can be used for materials such as food products, elastomers, and textiles.